Chapter 5: Trolling Motor Operations and Guide

Chapter 5: Trolling Motor Operations and Guide

Trolling motors can either be controlled directly by hand, foot pedals or by the hand held remote units. These are completely directional and the speed control can be accessed from any of these control options. In general, the kind of fishing you do and to some extent, personal preferences, will settle on the kind of control you employ. 


8.1) Foot Pedal operation:

            In order to operate the trolling machine using its foot pedal, you must synchronize it with the trolling machine receiver. Foot pedal has the main components and by using that the operator can control the direction and speed of trolling machine.

a)    press to turn right, toe-down position

b)    Used to control Propeller momentary on/off

c)     To control propeller constant on/off

d)    To turn left, heal-down position

e)    Anchor button, GPS installed, also used to on/off foot pedal

f)      Dial, knob used to control speed






8.1.2) Turn foot pedal on/off

                                    Press and then hold the anchor button for a while. A single short beep indicates that foot pedal has turned on while two short beeps indicate that it has been turned off.

8.1.3) Direction details

            To turn your boat to left press and hold the heal-down while to turn it to right press and hold the toe-down position. In order to turn the boat reverse continue to press down the foot pedal in either of direction and keep pressed until head points to the desired direction. The allowed steering range will let the operator to steer the trolling motor past 360° in either direction of travel. To go straight ahead keep foot pedal in middle and do not push at any side.


8.2) speed control settings

To control and operate the speed of the motor, you need to follow the given instructions.

a)    To control the speed of trolling machine use the “speed control dial” on the foot pedal. Scroll it forward to increase while backward to decrease the speed of the trolling motor.

b)    Push and hold the momentary button to operate the motor at the chosen speed. You need to release the button to stop the motor.

c)     Propeller constant on/off can be pressed once to run and start the motor at the set speed while is pressed again to stop the motor.  

d)    The trolling motors can have variable levels of speed and they might have 5 levels of speed, 10 levels of speed or 20 levels of speed. While scrolling from 1 to 10 you actually speed up the motor. You can use your foot to scroll the knob to the desired position.

The motor speed can be adjusted at the time its running.



a - Speed control dial—rotate forward to increase and backward to decrease speed

b - Momentary button to operate the motor

c - Propeller constant on/off button to run the motor








8.3) Handheld Remote Operation

                        The trolling motor might have a hand held remote as well with it. To operate the trolling machine with hand held remote you must sync it with the motor first.





a – Press to increase speed

b - Propeller on-off

c – Press to turn right

d – Press to decrease speed

e – Press to left turn



Hand held remote is always on and ready for use when the motor is powered up and is operated.

            8.3.1) Directions and speed controls

a) The offered steering range lets the trolling motor to turn at 360° for operation in reverse.

b) Press right button to turn right and left button to turn left.

c) The propeller on/off button is pressed once to on while pressed again to off the propeller.

d) (+) is pressed to increase and (-) button is pressed to decrease the speed. In order to jump directly from 0% speed to 100% speed or from 100% speed to 0% speed press and hold the (+) or (-) button for 2.5 seconds. Motor beeps twice whenever it reaches either 0% or 100% speed.  

8.4) Three position switch/ Momentary switch

            8.4.1) Momentary switch

                        Momentary switch is used to operate the trolling machine. The momentary switch is positioned on the top right side of the foot pedal of the trolling machine. This switch works in combination with the three?position switch when it is in momentary position or high?bypass position.

            8.4.2) Three position switch

                        The three?position switch offers three selection options for operating the motor: constant, momentary, and high?bypass mode  constant mode

            To set the control to the constant, press the small gray button on the left at the base of the foot pedal control once. This mode lets the motor to run constantly at the selected speed of speed control dial.  Momentary mode

When the main control box is turned on, the foot control begins in the momentary mode. Each time one of the gray momentary buttons is pushed, the motor activates and when it’s released the motor stops. When activated, the speed of the motor is controlled by the setting of the speed control dial. High-bypass:

This will automatically deliver full drive when the momentary switch is activated.


 a - Constant Mode

b – Momentary Mode

 c - High?bypass Mode

 d - Three?position switch

 e - Speed control Dial

 f - Momentary switch


8.5) Twist Tiller Speed Control

            Twist tiller handle:

For forward speed rotate the handle clockwise and for backward speed rotate it anti-clockwise

Toggle switch:

In order to turn the motor on flip, toggle the switch to "—" and “O" to turn off the motor but this switch is only available on variable speed motors.




a - Twist tiller handle

b - Toggle switch

c – Flip for forward speed

d – Flip for reverse speed

e - Variable speed decal

f - Five speed decal





 8.6) Thrust guide

            Pounds of thrust depict the amount of power that you need to move your boat in water. Thrust is measured in pounds (lbs). Thrust is the measurement of how much powerful actually the boat is and how much resistance of water, air and other stuff it can bear, higher thrust means the boat with higher power. Heavier boats require higher thrust which is up-to 165 pounds in these days.  

            The best way to decide the amount of required thrust is to check the weight of your boat. The best defined rule of thumb is 2 pounds of thrust for every 100 pounds. You can use online lists of the weights of different boats and can check out the weight of yours one. Try to calculate the weight of boat by adding up the maximum number of passengers, highest amount of gears and resistance of both water and air.

            8.6.1) Volts

            Pounds of thrust are directly proportional to the amount of voltage in your boat. 12V systems will produce up to approximate, 55 lbs of thrust. 24V systems will build-up up to approximate, 80 lbs. of thrust. 36V systems will produce up to approx. 105 lbs. of thrust. If you have a 14′-16′ lighter fishing boat then 40-55 lbs thrust will work fine. If you have a 16′-18′ heavier fishing boat then 70-80 lbs thrust will work perfectly. The heavy boats over 18′ may necessitate up to 105 pounds of thrust.

8.6.2)  Different fishing styles and circumstances

             Different people do fishing with different styles in different circumstances so the amount of thrust varies accordingly. If you do fishing in calm water then minimum thrust is enough for your boat. If the water is deep then you need to move your thrust level up. The people who do fishing for many days without recharging need to move level up thrust for their boats.


8.7)  Shaft guide:

          The other most essential factor you must keep in view is the length of shaft or tube length. The tube of the motor must be long enough length to totally sink the prop around one foot into the water. It must be considered that if the motor is on the bow of the boat and you are in waves the prop still must remain underwater to retain control of the boat. If you get a too long shaft, when you put away the motor into the boat it might interfere with the front seat, rod holders, and electronics or may stick out from the back of the boat. You can go through shaft length guides to get instructions about the preferred length of shaft for your boat.       

Remember two things

1)    Your boat’s prop must stay under the water

2)    Always go for the appropriate length












8.8) Mount Guide      

            There are two major types of trolling motors based on where they are placed and other features. Bow and Transom mount.

            8.8.1) Bow Mount

            The most popular mounts used for medium and larger boats. They provide better control than transom because it pulls the boat as opposed to pushing it from behind which transom cannot do. If maneuverability and simplicity is everything you need than Bow is the best option. Due to the remarkable features that it provides it is relatively more expensive than transom.

            8.8.2) Transom Mount

            Transom boats are used mostly with small boats. They are relatively easy to install and operate and take less space. They can also be operated easily from the back of the boat. They have fewer features and just some accessories. They are more affordable than Bow Mount.