If you are into fishing, a trolling motor is a vital device in your fishing boat. This compact attachment to your boat has many uses, making it a valuable tool for all fishers. Invented by O.G. Schmidt in 1934, they are originally used as a secondary propeller that fishers use in moving their boat at a slower and quieter pace. If the primary propeller is used, it usually moves fast and is very noisy, thus it distracts fishes, causing them to swim away. This makes fishing difficult.
A secondary motor with smaller and quieter propeller is used to move the boat slowly and avoid distracting fishes. This will make trolling (the process of luring fishes with a slow-moving bait) a lot easier; hence, the name. Aside from this, it performs other functions - from making fishing more efficient to even saving your life!
Normally, a trolling motor is mounted on the back of the boat. It is valuable if you only need to travel a short distance rather than using the main motor. It is also a good backup motor in the unfortunate event that your main motor runs out of gas or malfunctions while you?re in the middle of the sea. Some motors are specially designed for this purpose, with higher voltage and pounds of thrust. They are easy to use since they are operated just like an outboard motor.
However, more and more fishers are starting to make use of their trolling motor in a more efficient way by mounting it in the front part of the boat. Since it ?pulls? the boat instead of ?pushing? it, it will be easier for fishers to steer the boat more accurately. It provides you with maximum control of the boat, allowing you to maneuver it to different directions if needed, especially when you?re trailing a big catch.
It can also help in maintaining your position in the fishing structure during windy days. With proper positioning, the motor?s propeller can repel the direction of the wind; thus, preventing the boat from moving and keeping you in the same spot while fishing.
With the growing number of demand for trolling motors, it is important to carefully analyze your fishing needs and conditions to choose the best one for you. You need to consider several factors to ensure that your motor suits your fishing style and serves you for many years.
First thing you need to consider is the fishing structure. It is important to know if you?re fishing in saltwater or freshwater. Because of sodium content, saltwater can easily damage your motor, or any other fishing gear, through corrosion. For this, there are specially-designed saltwater trolling motors with special coating that holds up against rusting. Most parts of these are made of stainless steel and aluminum and the electrical parts are well-sealed and designed to be out of reach of water as much as possible.
If you are not fishing in saltwater, then a freshwater trolling motor should be good for you since it is a lot cheaper in comparison to saltwater models. However, regardless if you?re using a saltwater or a freshwater motor, it is always a good idea to clean it thoroughly and dry it up after use to further prevent corrosion and prolong its life.
Next thing you need to identify is the mounting. Will you just use it as a secondary motor and for trolling? Do you intend to use it as a power-steering motor? Depending on the purpose, there are different sizes and designs available in the market. Thankfully, there are portable models that you can simply clamp anywhere in your boat. This is ideal for people who will use their motor for different purposes, and for those who don?t have their own boats and just rent one every time they go to a fishing spot.
Voltage and pounds of thrust is also a factor that you need to consider. Larger boats need more pounds of thrust since they are heavier, especially if you plan to use it as a secondary motor. You should also consider how long you will use your motor every time you fish, as longer hours require more power.
Lastly will be the controls, especially for motors mounted in the front part. Hand and foot controlled models are available in the market, each having its advantages and downsides. Foot controls are good since your hands are free for fishing. However, you are limited to controlling the motor to where the foot control is mounted. Hand controls have easier control in maneuvering your boat but is inconvenient since you need to let go of your fishing rod every time you need to move the boat.
Choosing the best trolling motor may require a bit of work. Once you made the right decision, a trolling motor is definitely going to be a valuable tool that will help you maximize your fishing experience.